Τι είναι το Primary?
- Περίπου 400 λέξεις σε γνώριμες κατηγορίες όπως δουλειές, συναισθήματα, καιρός.
- Πως γίνονται ερωτήσεις και απαντήσεις
- Πως μπορεί να πει κανείς μπορεί και δεν μπορεί να κάνει πράγματα.
- Πως μπορεί να πει κανείς έχεις πράγματα, σου αρέσουν πράγματα δεν έχεις πράγματα και δεν σου αρέσουν πράγματα
- Πως μπορεί να πει κανείς την ώρα και να περιγράψει πότε συμβαίνουν πράγματα
- Να κατανοεί μηνύματα
Τι πρέπει να κάνει ένας υποψήφιος στην εξέταση Primary?
- Read and choose answers
- Match words
- Fill in gaps
- Write some words and phrases
Αποκτώντας το επίπεδο Primary, ο υποψήφιος μπορεί με επιτυχία να:
- έχει ένα βασικό λεξιλόγιο από περίπου 300
- μπορεί να πει την ώρα
- μπορεί να περιγράφει συμβάντα που γίνονται τώρα, να δίνει προσωπικές και οικογενειακές πληροφορίες, να περιγράφει συνήθειες, ρουτίνες και καθημερινές δραστηριότητες
- μπορεί να επικοινωνεί όταν και όποτε ένα συμβάν λαμβάνει χώρα
- μπορεί να φτιάχνει ερωτήσεις και αρνήσεις.
Grammar and Structures List
|GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURES||WHAT ARE THEY USED FOR?||SOME EXAMPLES|
|There is/ there are||Identifying something/someone||There is a book on the table.|
There are four girls in the kitchen.
|Present simple||Talking about habits, routines, facts (such as where a person lives), the actions of everyday life||My uncle lives in a small house.|
She is thirteen years old.
I always take the bus to school.
|The present simple with the verb ‘like’ + ‘ing’ in the third person singular and plural||Describing what people or animals like doing||My cat likes sleeping in the garden.|
My brothers like playing football in the park.
|Present continuous||Talking about present actions||My brothers are playing football in the park at the moment.|
|Interrogative forms of the above two tenses||Asking and answering questions about the above||Do they often go to the cinema?|
Do you have/ Have you got a computer?
Are the children doing their homework?
Is she eating her breakfast at the moment?
|Negative forms of the above two tenses||Making the above negative||Sue doesn’t like dogs.|
John isn’t studying now, he is talking on the phone.
|The modal ‘can’||Describing an ability or skill||He can play the guitar.|
They can cook.
|All personal pronouns as subject or object – I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, you, him, her, it, us, them||Describing and identifying people, animals and objects||Do you want my father?|
He is in the garden.
John is with him.
|Demonstrative pronouns – this, these, that, those||Asking for, and giving information||These are tables.|
That family is rich.
Is this a kettle?
|because, and, or, but||Linking sentence parts and ideas||John and Mary are in the garden because it is sunny.|
|What, Who, Where, When, Why, How many||Asking questions about people, animals and objects||What is this?|
Who is that girl?
Where are Peter and Paul?
|Adverbs of time – today, now, at the moment|
Adverbs of frequency – always, never, sometimes, often, usually, every day, every week, every month
|Describing when and how often someone does something or something happens.Discriminating between the present continuous and the present simple||I usually eat an egg for breakfast.|
At the moment, John is playing in the park.
|In, on, at, to||Talking about time, place, position||The examination finishes at 4 pm.|
My brother is 10 years old in August.
I am going to Disney World on 1st August.
|10.15 = ten fifteen or (a) quarter past ten||Telling the time||ten fifteen, twenty past one, half past ten, a quarter to two, eleven forty-five, etc.|
simple nouns, including some common irregular ones
Countable and uncountable nouns
The names of common shapes
|Talking about numbers of things|
Talking about amounts and quantities
Describing the shape of something
|e.g. book-books, box-boxes, man-men, woman-women, child-children, party-parties|
Can I have the butter? Can I have two sweets?
This is a square. That is a circle.
|The formulaic salutations of informal writing in messages such as emails, postcards||Written communication||Dear|
|NOUNS:||SETS OF LEXICAL ITEMS|
|Clothes||dress, shirt, T-shirt, trousers, skirt, boots, socks, shoes, trainers, hat, watch|
jeans, jacket, tie, coat
|Food, meals and drink||cake, ice-cream, biscuits, pizza, hamburger, hot-dog, omelette, steak, fish, salad, breakfast, lunch, dinner, party, milk, juice|
bread, tea, coffee, water, lemonade, egg, chicken, sandwich, sugar, ketchup, chips, cheese, sweets, butter
|Birds||penguin, parrot, duck|
|Jobs||teacher, doctor, farmer, secretary, businessman/woman, policeman/woman, shop assistant, in the army, student|
|School||pen, pencil, rubber, ruler, book, desk, computer, blackboard, classroom, bag, friend|
teacher, homework, work, test, exam, student, lesson
|Transport||helicopter, boat, bus, bicycle, car, train, aeroplane|
taxi, bike, motor bicycle, motorbike, tractor, lorry (Brit), truck (Amer)
|Animals||monkey, lion, bear, elephant, crocodile, cat, dog, snake, tiger, zebra, rabbit, mouse|
fox, frog, spider, hippo, giraffe, horse, sheep, cow, pets
|Household||television, video, chair, table, house, cassette-player, bed, bath, clock, picture, vase, photo, radio, door, mat, window, floor, cupboard|
mirror, sofa, armchair, shower, wardrobe
|Kitchen||glass, plate, bowl, cup, knife, fork|
|Vegetables||potato, tomato, carrot|
|Fruit||pear, peach, apple, banana, orange, lemon|
cherry, strawberry, melon
|Fish||dolphin, octopus, shark, whale, starfish, fish|
|Garden||flower, tree, grass|
|Days of the week||day, week, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday|
|Months of the year||January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December|
|Sport||football, tennis, swimming, basketball, volleyball|
baseball, fishing, football match, tennis racket, running
|Places||park, garden, home, school, shop, house, kitchen, bedroom, bathroom, living room|
zoo, farm, supermarket, office, cinema, cafe, restaurant, car park, flat, swimming pool, town centre, beach, sea, mountains, town, city, village, fields, country (e.g. England etc.), countryside
|Musical Instruments||guitar, piano, drum|
|Toys||ball, kite, castle, soldiers, paint, paintbrush, puppet, drum, gun|
|Weather||sun, rain, wind, snow, hot, cold|
|Parts of the body||hair, eyes, mouth, nose, face, arms, legs, foot/feet, head, hands|
|Cardinal numbers||one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty|
twenty-one to sixty
|Time expressions||four fifteen, [a] quarter past/to four, half past four, ten past four, four ten, ten to four, etc.|
morning, evening, today
|Exams||letters, words, sentence, question, answer, story|
|Family members and people||mother, father, brother, sister, baby, girl, boy, child, children|
aunt, uncle, cousin, grandmother, grandfather, Mum, Dad, man, woman, friend
|Shapes||square, circle, triangle, rectangle|
|Miscellaneous||film, newspaper, magazine, star, moon, thing|
|2. Adjectives:||sets of lexical items|
|Size||tall, short, big, small, favourite, best, little|
|Colours||black, blue, green, yellow, white, orange, red, grey, brown, pink, purple|
|Age||old, young, new|
|Other||clever, nice, good|
|3. VERBS||watch, play, listen, cook, wear, go, read, write, eat, drink, sit, stand, have, has, is, are, am|
live, work, walk, run, sleep, ride, drive, make, do, understand, want, like, can, swim, look, have/has got, get up, start, talk, buy, tell, clean, wash
|4. ARTICLES||a, an, the|
|5. PERSONAL PRONOUNS||I, you, he, she, it, we, they|
me, him, them, us
|6. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES||my, your, his, her, our, their|
|7. PREPOSITIONS||in, under, behind, on, near, in front of, at|
to, (by, about, for – may appear in certain expressions; not tested)
|8. QUESTION WORDS||What, When, Why, Where, Who, Whose|
|9. ADVERBS||today, now, at the moment, never, always, sometimes, often, usually, every day, every week|
|10. CONJUNCTIONS||because, and, or, then, next|
|11. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS||this, that, these, those|