A2. ELEMENTARY.

Τι είναι το Elementary?

Το Elementary είναι επιπέδου A2 στο  Common European Framework of Reference. Το speaking είναι προαιρετικο. Πέραν από την εξέταση των 4 skills (Reading, Writing, Listening & Speaking) το επίπεδο εξετάζει:

  • Increased vocabulary
  • Future tenses
  • Present perfect
  • Past continuous
  • Used to
  • Modals
  • Expressing purpose
  • Question tags
  • Relative pronouns
  • Reflexive pronouns
  • Adverbs
  • Some phrasal and prepositional verbs

Τι πρέπει να κάνει ο υποψήφιος στην εξέταση Elementary (A2)

  • a short composition
  • Match letters
  • Multiple choice questions
  • Fill in gaps
  • Rearrange word order
  • Answer true/false questions

Αποκτώντας το επίπεδο Elementary (A2), ο υποψήφιος μπορεί με επιτυχία να:

  • Να γράφει ένα μικρό κείμενο με συνάφεια σε περιγραφικά ή αφήγηματικά
  • διαβάζει και κατανοεί ένα κείμενο από μία οικεία γκάμα θεμάτων.
  • ρωτά και να απαντά ερωτήσεις σχετικά με γεγονότα που έχουν συμβεί στο παρελθόν ή συμβαίνουν τώρα
  • ξεχωρίζει και να χρησιμοποιεί γραμματικούς χρόνους: Παρελθοντικούς, Χρόνους για το παρόν και μελλοντικούς
  • εκφράζει πρόθεση, σκοπό, υποχρέωση, προτίμηση, συμβουλή

Grammar and Structures List

GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURESWHAT ARE THEY USED FOR?SOME EXAMPLES
VERBS
Future simple -will
1st conditional – with ‘if’ clause present and result clause will/won’t
Talking about future plans
Talking about future plans which have conditions on them
What will you do when you are older?
If it rains, we won’t go to the park.
Future of intention ‘be going to’Talking about future intentionsI’m going to see a film this evening.
Past continuous – when, whileTalking about past activities which were interruptedwas having my breakfast when the postman knocked.
While I was studying, he played loud music.
Used toTalking about long past habits and statesMy father used to work in an office.
My sister used to have long hair.
Modals -should, mustExpressing obligation and adviceYou must study hard if you want to go to university.
You mustn’t worry about it.
You should always lock your car.
Infinitive of purposeTalking about the purpose of doing somethingJane went to America to learn English.
QUESTION TAGS
Isn’t he? Aren’t you? Do you? EtcAsking for confirmation of a negative or positive statement or inviting an answer to a questionYou are coming to my party, aren’t you?
You haven’t seen my car keys, have you?
RELATIVE PRONOUNS
Which, who, thatIdentifying people and objectsThis is the best cake that I have ever eaten.
Jack is the one who is sitting at the back of the class.
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
Myself, himself, herself, etc.Identify people and objectsHe hurt himself.
ADVERBS
Adverbs of frequency, e.g.
never, sometimes; adverbs of manner, e.g. quietly, slowly; adverbs of time, e.g. today, now. Adverbs of degree, e.g. a lot, a little
(and associated word order)
Simple modal adverbs e.g. possibly, probably, perhaps
Adverbs of sequence e.g. first, finally, next, then
Describing how often, how, when and to what extent people do something.
Indicating degree of possibility.
Ordering events and understanding instructions and directions
I have never flown in a plane.
At the moment, the children are playing in the park.
The children walked home slowly.
He is probably in his room.
First, I had my breakfast.
Go down the road and then straight on.
The contrast of too/enoughTalking about the extent of somethingThe student isn’t trying hard enough, he never does his homework.
The student is trying too hard, he will make himself ill.
PREPOSITIONS
Prepositions as used in some very common phrasal verbs* and prepositional phrases*.You must put on a hat if you go out in the sun.
I am very fond of my pets.
INTENSIFIERS
e.g. really, quite, so, veryIndicating degreeIt is really hot today.
SPOKEN DISCOURSE
Markers e.g. right, well.
Use of substitution.
Structuring conversation.
Responding appropriately
“Right, has everyone got a book?”
I think so. I hope so.
FORMAL IDENTIFICATION
First name, surname, age, date of birth, address, postcode, country, nationality.Coping in formal situations especially when filling in formsDate of Birth: 30.10.78

Ένα καλό παράδειγμα έκθεσης σε αυτό το επίπεδο είναι:


The Birthday Party

My favourite birthday party was yesterday. I had a great time.
When we woke up in the morning, we went to the cake shop to buy my birthday cake. It was beautiful. It had the shape of a castle. I wanted to eat it before the birthday party but I was patient and I didn’t eat it.
In the afternoon, my cousins, my aunt and my uncle finally arrived. I was so happy. We all sang Happy Birthday and after that we ate the cake. I also had a lot of presents.
This day was the best day of my life.

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