Τι είναι το Elementary?
Το Elementary είναι επιπέδου A2 στο Common European Framework of Reference. Το speaking είναι προαιρετικο. Πέραν από την εξέταση των 4 skills (Reading, Writing, Listening & Speaking) το επίπεδο εξετάζει:
- Increased vocabulary
- Future tenses
- Present perfect
- Past continuous
- Used to
- Expressing purpose
- Question tags
- Relative pronouns
- Reflexive pronouns
- Some phrasal and prepositional verbs
Τι πρέπει να κάνει ο υποψήφιος στην εξέταση Elementary (A2)
- a short composition
- Match letters
- Multiple choice questions
- Fill in gaps
- Rearrange word order
- Answer true/false questions
Αποκτώντας το επίπεδο Elementary (A2), ο υποψήφιος μπορεί με επιτυχία να:
- Να γράφει ένα μικρό κείμενο με συνάφεια σε περιγραφικά ή αφήγηματικά
- διαβάζει και κατανοεί ένα κείμενο από μία οικεία γκάμα θεμάτων.
- ρωτά και να απαντά ερωτήσεις σχετικά με γεγονότα που έχουν συμβεί στο παρελθόν ή συμβαίνουν τώρα
- ξεχωρίζει και να χρησιμοποιεί γραμματικούς χρόνους: Παρελθοντικούς, Χρόνους για το παρόν και μελλοντικούς
- εκφράζει πρόθεση, σκοπό, υποχρέωση, προτίμηση, συμβουλή
Grammar and Structures List
|GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURES||WHAT ARE THEY USED FOR?||SOME EXAMPLES|
|Future simple -will|
1st conditional – with ‘if’ clause present and result clause will/won’t
|Talking about future plans|
Talking about future plans which have conditions on them
|What will you do when you are older?|
If it rains, we won’t go to the park.
|Future of intention ‘be going to’||Talking about future intentions||I’m going to see a film this evening.|
|Past continuous – when, while||Talking about past activities which were interrupted||I was having my breakfast when the postman knocked.|
While I was studying, he played loud music.
|Used to||Talking about long past habits and states||My father used to work in an office.|
My sister used to have long hair.
|Modals -should, must||Expressing obligation and advice||You must study hard if you want to go to university.|
You mustn’t worry about it.
You should always lock your car.
|Infinitive of purpose||Talking about the purpose of doing something||Jane went to America to learn English.|
|Isn’t he? Aren’t you? Do you? Etc||Asking for confirmation of a negative or positive statement or inviting an answer to a question||You are coming to my party, aren’t you?|
You haven’t seen my car keys, have you?
|Which, who, that||Identifying people and objects||This is the best cake that I have ever eaten.|
Jack is the one who is sitting at the back of the class.
|Myself, himself, herself, etc.||Identify people and objects||He hurt himself.|
|Adverbs of frequency, e.g.|
never, sometimes; adverbs of manner, e.g. quietly, slowly; adverbs of time, e.g. today, now. Adverbs of degree, e.g. a lot, a little
(and associated word order)
Simple modal adverbs e.g. possibly, probably, perhaps
Adverbs of sequence e.g. first, finally, next, then
|Describing how often, how, when and to what extent people do something.|
Indicating degree of possibility.
Ordering events and understanding instructions and directions
|I have never flown in a plane.|
At the moment, the children are playing in the park.
The children walked home slowly.
He is probably in his room.
First, I had my breakfast.
Go down the road and then straight on.
|The contrast of too/enough||Talking about the extent of something||The student isn’t trying hard enough, he never does his homework.|
The student is trying too hard, he will make himself ill.
|Prepositions as used in some very common phrasal verbs* and prepositional phrases*.||You must put on a hat if you go out in the sun.|
I am very fond of my pets.
|e.g. really, quite, so, very||Indicating degree||It is really hot today.|
|Markers e.g. right, well.|
Use of substitution.
|“Right, has everyone got a book?”|
I think so. I hope so.
|First name, surname, age, date of birth, address, postcode, country, nationality.||Coping in formal situations especially when filling in forms||Date of Birth: 30.10.78|
Ένα καλό παράδειγμα έκθεσης σε αυτό το επίπεδο είναι:
The Birthday Party
My favourite birthday party was yesterday. I had a great time.
When we woke up in the morning, we went to the cake shop to buy my birthday cake. It was beautiful. It had the shape of a castle. I wanted to eat it before the birthday party but I was patient and I didn’t eat it.
In the afternoon, my cousins, my aunt and my uncle finally arrived. I was so happy. We all sang Happy Birthday and after that we ate the cake. I also had a lot of presents.
This day was the best day of my life.